visual art form where solid or semi-hard plastic
Sculpture, also known as fine arts, is a visual art form where solid or semi-hard plastic or other material are used to work into 3-D architectural objects. An enormous range of materials can be used, from wax, clay, stone, ceramic, metal, cloth, glass, metal, and even random found materials. These can be life-like or abstract, representative of a natural landscape or man made art. Sculpture paintings are still popular today and will continue to be a popular art form for many years to come.
The earliest known use of sculptures in the visual arts was in Egyptian religion, and the carving of images of the gods into the large stupas and tombs they were placed in was done with the use of clay and ivory. The Egyptians later developed a love of marble and used it extensively in their architecture and fine art sculptures. Marble was probably the first material to be used for sculpting, possibly due to the fact that it is extremely durable and resistant to the effects of weathering, however marble proved to be very difficult to shape, so early sculptors had to start using other materials to construct their sculptures.
a highly innovative fashion
The sculptors of the Renaissance (and later, the Baroque Period) used ivory and plastic art to construct their large-scale paintings and sculptures, in a highly innovative fashion that was unprecedented at the time. In sculpting, as in many other aspects of the visual arts, the sculptors used more than just their hands to make their works, they used different kinds of machinery to help them shape their pieces. Cautiously chosen implements such as hammers, chisels, and hydraulic tools were used to break up the blocks of stone and marble into simple pieces, or to form more complex shapes. While early sculptors appreciated the aesthetic benefits of using these new technologies, they also found that they could perform much more detailed work, since larger areas of stone and marble were no longer an issue.
With the advent of three-dimensional objects, such as glass, clay, and steel, sculptors found that they could make even more complex sculptures. By using a three-dimensional mold to create the image of the piece, the sculptor no longer needed to use any sort of breakable material. Instead, as he carved the material, he would be able to mold it precisely. Cautiously chosen knives, chisels, and other tools were then used to cut out the details of the piece. The sculptor’s original design was then brought into the realm of three-dimensional items.
development of sculpting in the middle ages
Modern sculptors have learned to take advantage of the latest technologies, and the results are astonishing. A sculpture may be created from a single piece of clay to several pieces on a lathe, and then onto a table or desk. This allows the sculptor to change the appearance of the piece by changing the position of each piece, thus changing the look of the entire sculpture.
One interesting fact about the development of sculpting in the middle ages is that it happened before the invention of gunpowder, which is why many of the weapons used during this time were made out of bronze. Bronze was also first used for swords, spears, bows, and arrows. The discovery of copper and tin made it easier for sculptors to incorporate metal into their work, as well as pottery. Thus, the development of copper and tin sculptured objects is probably not as important as the invention of the wheel, which was probably discovered by accident.